p0f的是利用复杂的，纯粹被动流量指纹机制的阵列，以确定后面任何附带的TCP / IP通信的播放器（经常低至单个正常SYN）不会干扰以任何方式的工具。第3版是原代码库的一个完全重写，结合了显著一些改进网络级的指纹，并推出推理应用级负载（如HTTP）的能力。 一些p0f的的功能包括：
- Highly scalable and extremely fast identification of the operating system and software on both endpoints of a vanilla TCP connection – especially in settings where NMap probes are blocked, too slow, unreliable, or would simply set off alarms.
- Measurement of system uptime and network hookup, distance (including topology behind NAT or packet filters), user language preferences, and so on.
- Automated detection of connection sharing / NAT, load balancing, and application-level proxying setups.
- Detection of clients and servers that forge declarative statements such as X-Mailer or User-Agent. The tool can be operated in the foreground or as a daemon, and offers a simple real-time API for third-party components that wish to obtain additional information about the actors they are talking to. Common uses for p0f include reconnaissance during penetration tests; routine network monitoring; detection of unauthorized network interconnects in corporate environments; providing signals for abuse-prevention tools; and miscellanous forensics. Source: http://lcamtuf.coredump.cx/p0f3/
- Author: Michal Zalewski
- License: LGPL-2
0x01 Tools included in the p0f packagep0f – Passive OS fingerprinting tool
:~# p0f -h --- p0f 3.06b by Michal Zalewski < > --- ./p0f: invalid option -- 'h' Usage: p0f [ ...options... ] [ 'filter rule' ] Network interface options: -i iface - listen on the specified network interface -r file - read offline pcap data from a given file -p - put the listening interface in promiscuous mode -L - list all available interfaces Operating mode and output settings: -f file - read fingerprint database from 'file' (p0f.fp) -o file - write information to the specified log file -s name - answer to API queries at a named unix socket -u user - switch to the specified unprivileged account and chroot -d - fork into background (requires -o or -s) Performance-related options: -S limit - limit number of parallel API connections (20) -t c,h - set connection / host cache age limits (30s,120m) -m c,h - cap the number of active connections / hosts (1000,10000) Optional filter expressions (man tcpdump) can be specified in the command line to prevent p0f from looking at incidental network traffic. Problems? You can reach the author at < >.
0x02 p0f Usage ExampleUse interface eth0 (-i eth0) in promiscuous mode (-p) , saving the results to a file (-o /tmp/p0f.log) :
:~# p0f -i eth0 -p -o /tmp/p0f.log --- p0f 3.07b by Michal Zalewski < > --- [+] Closed 1 file descriptor. [+] Loaded 320 signatures from 'p0f.fp'. [+] Intercepting traffic on interface 'eth0'. [+] Default packet filtering configured [+VLAN]. [+] Log file '/tmp/p0f.log' opened for writing. [+] Entered main event loop. .-[ 192.168.1.15/35834 -> 220.127.116.11/873 (syn) ]- | | client = 192.168.1.15/35834 | os = Linux 2.2.x-3.x | dist = 0 | params = generic | raw_sig = 4:64+0:0:1460:mss*20,10:mss,sok,ts,nop,ws:df,id+:0