hping是一个命令行导向的TCP / IP分组组装/分析仪。该接口启发了ping(8)unix命令,但是hping是不仅能够发送ICMP回应请求。它支持TCP,UDP,ICMP和RAW-IP协议,具有路由跟踪模式,有盖通道,和许多其他功能之间发送文件的能力。 虽然hping主要用作在过去一个安全工具,它可以由人们不关心安全性,以测试网络和主机被用在许多方面。你可以使用hping做的东西的一个子集:

  • 防火墙测试
  • 高级端口扫描
  • 网络测试,使用不同的协议,TOS,分片
  • 手动路径MTU发现
  • 高级路由跟踪,所有支持的协议下,
  • 远程操作系统指纹
  • 远程正常运行时间猜测
  • 的TCP / IP栈审计
  • hping也可以是有用的那个正在学习的TCP / IP的学生。 资料来源:http://www.hping.org/

hping3首页 | 卡利hping3回购

  • 作者:萨尔瓦托雷圣菲利波
  • 许可:GPL第二版

    0x01 包含在hping3包工具

    hping3 - 主动网络非凡的工具
    :~# hping3 -h
    usage: hping3 host [options]
    -h  --help      show this help
    -v  --version   show version
    -c  --count     packet count
    -i  --interval  wait (uX for X microseconds, for example -i u1000)
        --fast      alias for -i u10000 (10 packets for second)
        --faster    alias for -i u1000 (100 packets for second)
        --flood      sent packets as fast as possible. Don't show replies.
    -n  --numeric   numeric output
    -q  --quiet     quiet
    -I  --interface interface name (otherwise default routing interface)
    -V  --verbose   verbose mode
    -D  --debug     debugging info
    -z  --bind      bind ctrl+z to ttl           (default to dst port)
    -Z  --unbind    unbind ctrl+z
        --beep      beep for every matching packet received
    default mode     TCP
    -0  --rawip      RAW IP mode
    -1  --icmp       ICMP mode
    -2  --udp        UDP mode
    -8  --scan       SCAN mode.
                     Example: hping --scan 1-30,70-90 -S www.target.host
    -9  --listen     listen mode
    -a  --spoof      spoof source address
    --rand-dest      random destionation address mode. see the man.
    --rand-source    random source address mode. see the man.
    -t  --ttl        ttl (default 64)
    -N  --id         id (default random)
    -W  --winid      use win* id byte ordering
    -r  --rel        relativize id field          (to estimate host traffic)
    -f  --frag       split packets in more frag.  (may pass weak acl)
    -x  --morefrag   set more fragments flag
    -y  --dontfrag   set don't fragment flag
    -g  --fragoff    set the fragment offset
    -m  --mtu        set virtual mtu, implies --frag if packet size > mtu
    -o  --tos        type of service (default 0x00), try --tos help
    -G  --rroute     includes RECORD_ROUTE option and display the route buffer
    --lsrr           loose source routing and record route
    --ssrr           strict source routing and record route
    -H  --ipproto    set the IP protocol field, only in RAW IP mode
    -C  --icmptype   icmp type (default echo request)
    -K  --icmpcode   icmp code (default 0)
        --force-icmp send all icmp types (default send only supported types)
        --icmp-gw    set gateway address for ICMP redirect (default
        --icmp-ts    Alias for --icmp --icmptype 13 (ICMP timestamp)
        --icmp-addr  Alias for --icmp --icmptype 17 (ICMP address subnet mask)
        --icmp-help  display help for others icmp options
    -s  --baseport   base source port             (default random)
    -p  --destport   [+][+]<port> destination port(default 0) ctrl+z inc/dec
    -k  --keep       keep still source port
    -w  --win        winsize (default 64)
    -O  --tcpoff     set fake tcp data offset     (instead of tcphdrlen / 4)
    -Q  --seqnum     shows only tcp sequence number
    -b  --badcksum   (try to) send packets with a bad IP checksum
                     many systems will fix the IP checksum sending the packet
                     so you'll get bad UDP/TCP checksum instead.
    -M  --setseq     set TCP sequence number
    -L  --setack     set TCP ack
    -F  --fin        set FIN flag
    -S  --syn        set SYN flag
    -R  --rst        set RST flag
    -P  --push       set PUSH flag
    -A  --ack        set ACK flag
    -U  --urg        set URG flag
    -X  --xmas       set X unused flag (0x40)
    -Y  --ymas       set Y unused flag (0x80)
    --tcpexitcode    use last tcp->th_flags as exit code
    --tcp-mss        enable the TCP MSS option with the given value
    --tcp-timestamp  enable the TCP timestamp option to guess the HZ/uptime
    -d  --data       data size                    (default is 0)
    -E  --file       data from file
    -e  --sign       add 'signature'
    -j  --dump       dump packets in hex
    -J  --print      dump printable characters
    -B  --safe       enable 'safe' protocol
    -u  --end        tell you when --file reached EOF and prevent rewind
    -T  --traceroute traceroute mode              (implies --bind and --ttl 1)
    --tr-stop        Exit when receive the first not ICMP in traceroute mode
    --tr-keep-ttl    Keep the source TTL fixed, useful to monitor just one hop
    --tr-no-rtt       Don't calculate/show RTT information in traceroute mode
    ARS packet description (new, unstable)
    --apd-send       Send the packet described with APD (see docs/APD.txt)

    0x02 hping3用法示例

    用traceroute 模式(-traceroute), 可以 详细(-v)的 ICMP 模式(-1) 对目标 (www.example.com):
:~# hping3 --traceroute -V -1 www.example.com
using eth0, addr:, MTU: 1500
HPING www.example.com (eth0 icmp mode set, 28 headers + 0 data bytes
hop=1 TTL 0 during transit from ip= name=UNKNOWN
hop=1 hoprtt=0.3 ms
hop=2 TTL 0 during transit from ip= name=UNKNOWN
hop=2 hoprtt=3.3 ms


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